The applied art of Uzbekistan is original and exclusive creative work of national craftsmen and masters, passing their skills from generation to generation. Putting their hearts and souls into works, for many centuries, they have created unique pieces and articles: housewares, house adornment, inimitable fabrics for dressy dresses, colorful tableware.
The works of Fergana, Samarkand, Bukhara, Khiva and other masters have been historically notable outside the country and still continue to stir interest of lovers of the beautiful from all over the world. Many schools of suzané embroidery and ceramics, skullcaps of different type and purpose, national pichak-knives for every occasion, silk and woolen carpets, silk and chasing – the wonderful works, produced by local masters for centuries, make a unique exoticism of Uzbekistan.
Ancient traditions of Uzbekistan carpet weaving are revived today in many regions of Uzbekistan. Bright, original, intricate patterns, distinctive color (from red-brown to red-blue), brightness, and countless options of patterns and ornament made local carpets renowned in many countries.
Homemade carpet weaving is developed in Ferghana Valley, Nurota Mountains, Kashkadarya, Surkhandarya, Syrdarya region, Karakalpakstan. Samarkand, Urgut, Kokand and Khorezm are the centers for the carpet weaving and sale. Craftsmen produce long pile and short pile carpets (dzhulhirs, gilyam), pileless carpets (rugs). The characteristic feature of short pile carpets is their red-brown tint, lit up by the harmony of light-colored details of the principal medallions, which usually appear in geometrical shapes.
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